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IPR, Intellectual Property Rights

Intellectual property rights are legal rights that provide creators protection for original works, inventions, or the appearance of products, artistic works, scientific developments, and so on. There are four types of intellectual property rights (IP): patents, trademarks, copyrights, and trade secrets.

But the number of rights may be different, for different countries. For example, the Netherlands has 9 different kinds of rights (https://www.government.nl/topics/intellectual-property/protection-of-intellectual-property)

The main 4:

    • Copyright
      Copyright (or author’s right) is a legal term used to describe the rights that creators have over their literary and artistic works. Works covered by copyright range from books, music, paintings, sculpture, and films, to computer programs, databases, advertisements, maps, and technical drawings.

    • Patents
      A patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention, which is a product or a process that provides, in general, a new way of doing something, or offers a new technical solution to a problem. To get a patent, technical information about the invention must be disclosed to the public in a patent application.

    • Trademarks
      A trademark is a sign capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one enterprise from those of other enterprises. Trademarks are protected by intellectual property rights.
    • Trade secrets
      Trade secrets are intellectual property (IP) rights on confidential information which may be sold or licensed.

Source: World Intellectual Property Organization